What Is Compost? Compost is decomposed organic matter. It requires five basic ingredients:
Carbon-rich materials ("brown materials" or "browns"), such as leaves, straw, bark, paper, corn stalks, wood chips or sawdust
Nitrogen-rich materials ("green materials" or "greens"), such as grass clippings, vegetable scraps or coffee grounds
Microorganisms, such as bacteria, molds and fungi
Microorganisms, with the right amount of water and oxygen, break down carbon and nitrogen sources to create a final product that helps plants retain water and nutrients, and improves drainage and soil structure. Plus, turning yard and food waste into fertilizer can greatly reduce your landfill contribution.
Don’t compost bioplastics at home.Right along with the plastic produce tags, Just like rocks break down into smaller rocks (sand), biodegradable plastics just break down into smaller plastics (plastic sand), Biodegradable and compostable plastics do technically decompose, but they usually need to be composted by industrial systems. Check in your area to see if there’s a compost facility that accepts these. If there isn’t, choose reusable bags wherever possible.